THE CENTER FOR THIRD AGE NEWSLETTER – FEBRUARY 2014
1. FATHER WILLIAM’S MUSINGS
2. SCIENCE & RELIGION: MYSTERY & MEANING
3. A POEM: ‘INTRODUCTIONS’
4. ‘OLD FAT WHITE MEN’ ARE NOT NECESSARILY BIGOTS
5. THE DANGERS OF CERTAINTY: A LESSON FROM AUSCHWITZ
6. ‘MORAL MARCH’ MAY BE THE START OF SOMETHING HUGE
7. THE OLDER MIND MAY JUST BE A FULLER MIND
8. THIS MONTH’S LINKS
QUOTES OF THE MONTH – MARY PARKER FOLLET (THANKS, JIM ROUGH)
“Unity, not uniformity must be our aim. We attain unity only through variety. Differences must be integrated, not annihilated, nor absorbed.”
“The very essence and substance of democracy is the creating of the collective will. Without this activity the forms of democracy are useless, and the aims of democracy are always unfulfilled.”
1. FATHER WILLIAM’S MUSINGS
February Greetings, Dear Friends…
I’ve been given a gift by an old friend and client, Tom Timmins. We worked together in the 80’s and 90’s on some very challenging attempts at corporate change and have stayed in touch since. Recently Tom made me aware of a project he and a team had done for the Northaven United Methodist Church in Dallas, Texas, in 2012. It is an inspiring, practical and essential contribution to us and our time.
Why, as a Vermont liberal and NZ resident, am I so excited about the work going on at a ‘mainstream’ church in Texas, one of the US states whose political values I have the most difficulty with?
Because Tom and Northaven’s team are doing a great service by countering the hostile, nasty and combative elements in America whose paramount goal is to keep the population in a dysfunctionally GOOD/BAD, EITHER/OR polarized state. If you’ve ever heard Rush Limbaugh, you know what I mean.
The way to let those with the most raw power to run rampant is by making sure uncorrupted government ceases to function, and this is just what’s been happening in my birthplace for more than thirty years. But when things like…
2. SCIENCE & RELIGION: MYSTERY & MEANING – The next gift of self-integration from Tom, Team and Northaven…
3. A POEM: ‘INTRODUCTIONS’ – A way to live our whole selves…
4. ‘OLD FAT WHITE MEN’ ARE NOT NECESSARILY BIGOTS – A possibility for one of us is a possibility for all of us…
5. THE DANGERS OF CERTAINTY: A LESSON FROM AUSCHWITZ – This is only one part of ‘The Ascent of Man’; the whole is worth seeing!
6. ‘MORAL MARCH’ MAY BE THE START OF SOMETHING HUGE – Reverend Barber’s leadership (like MLK’s) has joined a wide range of perspectives, especially secular and spiritual, in co-creating a better world for all of us…
7. THE OLDER MIND MAY JUST BE A FULLER MIND – And mine certainly likes this rationale for its many petty slippages!
8. THIS MONTH’S LINKS – Like friends Tom and Ronn, I, too, recommend https://www.bigquestionsonline.com/.
…are happening, we are on our way out of the divisive and crippling – in race, gender, age and social status – hole we’ve dug ourselves into. This is why I am excited about the work that is happening at Northaven and so many other power-controlled places these days. I hope you will be, too.
Now I’ll let Tom introduce the SCIENCE & RELIGION: MYSTERY & MEANING program to you…
“Welcome to this introduction to Northaven Church’s adult education program titled SCIENCE & RELIGION: MYSTERY & MEANING. Throughout history, human beings have addressed the religious challenge of finding meaning in all the mysteries of life. While Science can fill in some of our knowledge gaps about the physical world – and it has certainly done that – for every question science has answered, it seems that two more questions arise. So, much of the “mystery’ remains as we struggle together to learn what it all means.
“My name is Tom Timmins and I’m the team leader for this program. I’m a chemical and nuclear engineer by education; a science researcher, long-range planner, and corporate manager by profession; and a student of history and genealogy by avocation. I say to my friends that I’m a financial conservative, a social progressive, a political independent, and a religious seeker. As for theological education, I’ve read a few books on religion, theology and moral philosophy and I’ve been a member of this church for 44 years, attending adult Sunday school classes, and hearing our pastors’ sermons. Does all that make me qualified to lead such a broad program on science and religion? Probably not! But then, can anyone really qualify as an expert on so much of human experience? In a sense, we’re all amateurs here, trying to do the best we can with the skills and tools available. With that limited apology for the qualifications of all our team at the outset, let’s move on to what this program is about.
“Bob Radford, our resident philosophy professor, wrote this short description of our objective for this series:
‘To provide pointed opportunities for individuals at Northaven and elsewhere to begin to think in new ways about their own spiritual life – and relationship with God – within the context of taking seriously some of the more fundamental findings of the diverse modern sciences, from adolescence to old age, as a significant contribution to their need to find integrity in their outlooks on life.’
“You might note several things about this statement:
“First, it taps the resources of modern science to help us think in new ways which might help bring integrity to our spiritual life;
“Second, it’s intended for people of all ages, both within and outside Northaven;
“Third is a point, subtle but just as important, and that is the notion that our religious and spiritual beliefs are personal and individual, and should be understood and internalized as such. While we can intellectualize and learn together as a group, and exchange interpretations and meanings, ultimately our beliefs are our own and taking ownership in those beliefs is what brings integrity to the way we live our lives.
“How do we begin to talk about meaning and reality? Let’s start here. You are the stuff of stardust. We are, all of us, the stuff of stardust. Our bodies are made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, iron and other elements born billions of years ago in the explosion of a star, a super-nova, somewhere in the Milky Way galaxy or possibly in a galaxy far away. Our human bodies are an integral part of the Universe, and quite literally, we are the stuff of stardust. How’s that for a starter on the meaning of life? Here’s another. Our deep-time distant ancestors were one-cell organisms that somehow converted our star-stuff into life-stuff. We’re not exactly sure how they did it, and it took a very long time to get it done, but we can be forever be thankful that they did, for here we are now, human beings with a heart, a brain, arms and legs, sexual organs, a consciousness and a soul. That’s some accomplishment, however it came about.
“Blaise Pascal, a French mathematician, physicist and philosopher from the 17th century reflected on the meaning of life in these terms:
‘For in fact, what is man in nature? A Nothing in comparison with the Infinite, an All in comparison with the Nothing, a mean between nothing and everything. Since he is infinitely removed from comprehending the extremes, the end of things and their beginnings are hopelessly hidden from him in an impenetrable secret; he is equally incapable of seeing the Nothing from which he was made, and the Infinite in which he is swallowed up. What will he do then, but perceive the appearance of the middle of things, in eternal despair of knowing either their beginning or their end? All things proceed from Nothing, and are borne towards the Infinite. Who will follow these marvelous processes? The Author of these wonders understands them. None other can do so.’
“It is particularly intriguing and ironic that Pascal’s 17th century view on humanity’s role in the middle of things is just where we find ourselves today, caught between the sub-atomic world of quantum mechanics and the cosmological vastness shown by the Hubble Space Telescope.
“I started thinking about this course when I visited the online website of the philanthropic Templeton Foundation (http://www.templeton.org/). I saw the scope of their intellectual research, including their sponsorship of church-led courses in the U.S. on Science & Religion and their focus on some of the ‘Big Questions’ that mankind has long tried to answer. Unfortunately, we were too late to get funding sponsorship from Templeton, but took a look at their list of Big Questions, and then we added some of our own.
“Our Science & Religion planning team was organized and we created a team list of ‘Big Questions’. I asked them, ‘Wouldn’t it be great if we could present a program at Northaven that would address some or all of these questions?’ Note that I very carefully used the word address, not answer the questions, although I believe in the next 13 weeks that we’ll be able to actually answer some of these questions. For others, perhaps all we can hope for is some enlightenment, which isn’t all bad. Here is our list:
THE BIG QUESTIONS
– What are the origins of the universe and humans?
– How should we understand and teach creation stories and Genesis?
GENETIC AND CULTURAL EVOLUTION
– How did humans come to be who we are?
– How, when and why did religions begin?
– What purposes have religions served in history?
– Is God a relationship resulting from spiritual experience?
– How do we share spiritual experiences with others?
– Do the natural laws exclude the possibility of miracles?
NATURE OF GOD
– What is unknowable about the nature of God? Or is it unknowable?
– Does Science make belief in God obsolete?
– Does personification of God (Father in Heaven, Children of God) with human attributes (love, compassion, empathy, judgment, punishment) limit our understanding about God’s nature?
– Is it still possible to speak of the ‘soul’? If so, how?
RECENT SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES
– How will recent advances in science (e.g., quantum theory, Hubble space telescope) impact our understanding of ‘who we are’?
– How will this new science contribute to our understanding of our relationship with God?
“I should say up front that this series is not designed from any specific religious perspective, but views many historic religions for their impact on humanity’s progress (or lack thereof). You can find plenty of other courses here at Northaven to learn about Christianity and other religions. This series is not about religious education per se, but about the intersection of religion with science and their combined impact on world cultures. Let me emphasize that again, we’ll be looking at the impacts of science and religion on world cultures, and how those cultures evolved under the influence of these two elements.
“Do we expect these viewpoints and discussions to be controversial and to cause disagreements? I certainly hope so. I can’t imagine anything more boring than to attend 13 weeks of study where we all agreed with everything that was said.
“As we begin to look at these ‘big questions’, a little theological grounding seems in order. Bill Holmes was senior pastor here at Northaven in the late 50s and early 60s, and later became senior minister for 24 years at Metropolitan Memorial UMC in Washington, D.C., Methodism’s national church. Bill has just completed a new book called ‘The God Mask,’ in which he guides the reader on a literary safari into the sacred, a search for the mystery we call God. He has this to say:
‘We are struck by the indispensable role doubt seems to play in theology and science. While both disciplines are conjectures (hypotheses) based on hints and clues as to what is ‘real’, both rely on doubt to relativize conclusions and guard against absolutism. Theologically, only the fundamentalist interprets ‘truth’ as revealed directly, literally and self evidently. All other theologies consider ‘truth’ as perceived indirectly, symbolically and inevitably subject to interpretation.’
“I think you’ll find this grounding present throughout all our forthcoming lectures on science and religion.”
And so does Father William. Thank you, Tom, Team and Northaven United Church for making this possible for me and many others who weren’t there in 2012. What we humans need most at this time is help finding a universally acceptable synthesis between our rational/logical and intuitive/mystical selves. The work you have done offers a wonderful portal into this, especially in cultures whose people’s disappointment has turned them to cynicism and materialism. It pains me greatly to acknowledge the extent to which my own homeland has succumbed to this disillusionment.
I am going to create a space in this newsletter to present the rest of Tom’s introduction in consumable bites over the next few newsletters. This space will appear as: 2. SCIENCE & RELIGION: MYSTERY & MEANING, and you’ll find the next ‘Bite 2’ below. Tom, thank you very much for the permission to do so!
The reason old FW is so excited about the work Tom and Northaven are doing is because it offers a frame that helps me understand why I choose what I choose to include in these newsletters – openness to seeking out and living what unifies rather than divides…
Much love, FW
2. SCIENCE & RELIGION: MYSTERY & MEANING
BY TOM TIMMINS, TEAM & NORTHAVEN UNITED METHODIST CHURCH
“When looking at ancient religious writings, scholars engage in a process called “higher criticism”, which includes an appreciation for myths and images from the past. Myths are sometimes much more powerful than historical reality. In his dialogues with Bill Moyers, Joseph Campbell had this to say:
‘Myths are the stories of our search through the ages for truth, for meaning, for significance. We all need to tell our story and to understand our story. We all need to understand death and to cope with death, and we all need help in our passages from birth, to life, and then to death. We all need for life to signify, to touch the eternal, to understand the mysterious, to find out who we are.’
“When we understand some of the biblical stories as myths, I hope we give that term the respect it deserves. Those myths are the spiritual songs of our ancestors telling us over the ages who they were and how they saw themselves in relationship to God.
“We often find ourselves using the word “reality” as some simple idea, but theologians – and more recently, scientists – have understood how complex and uncertain “reality” really is. I found this definition of reality in a book called THE DANCING WU LI MASTERS which is all about quantum physics, if you can believe it. The author says:
Reality is what we take to be true
What we take to be true is what we believe
What we believe is based on our perceptions
What we perceive depends on what we look for
What we look for depends on what we think
What we think depends on what we perceive
What we perceive determines what we believe
What we believe determines what we take to be true
What we take to be true is our Reality
“Now that’s one to make you stop and think! You’ll note that I’ve highlighted the fourth item, ‘What we perceive depends of what we look for’. Our challenge in this SCIENCE & RELIGION series is to expand what we all look for, and perhaps, create a new Reality for each of us. Is that ambitious enough for you?”
3. A POEM: ‘INTRODUCTIONS’
BY SUSAN GLASSMEYER, GRATITUDE.ORG, FEB 25, 2014
“Thank you to Susan Glassmeyer for such a radical, thrilling and simple reorientation to the way we greet each other.
And thanks to GRATEFULNESS.ORG for sharing Susan’s poem in their February Newsletter:
Let’s not say our names
or what we do for a living.
If we are married
and how many times.
Single, gay, or vegan.
Let’s not mention
how far we got in school.
Who we know,
what we’re good at
or no good at, at all.
Let’s not hint at
how much money we have
or how little.
Where we go to church
or that we don’t.
What our Sun Sign is
our Enneagram number
our personality type according to Jung
or whether we’ve ever been
Rolfed, arrested, psychoanalyzed,
or artificially suntanned.
Let’s refrain, too, from stating any ills.
What meds we’re on
How many surgeries we’ve survived
or our children’s children’s problems.
let’s not mention
who we voted for
in the last election.
Let’s do this instead:
Let’s start by telling
just one small thing
that costs us nothing
but our attention.
the soul of our bones.
How it was this morning
stooping to pet the sleeping dog’s muzzle
before going off to work.
walking in the woods
spotting that fungus on the stump
of a maple
so astonishingly orange
it glowed like a lamp.
Or just now,
at the end
— Susan Glassmeyer
4. ‘OLD FAT WHITE MEN’ ARE NOT NECESSARILY BIGOTS
BY DAILY MAIL REPORTER, ABLX BOSTON, 13 FEBRUARY 2014
Texas sports broadcaster Dale Hansen has been praised for his unexpected rant about homophobia and hypocrisy in the NFL.
During a segment that broadcast Monday, the ABC local presenter railed against those who had criticized footballer Michael Sam, who revealed at the weekend that he is gay.
Hansen was moved to highlight the inequalities in the game after critics claimed being openly gay would affect the Missouri lineman’s chance of making it on a NFL team.
In the two-minute broadcast, Celebrating Our Differences, filmed as part of his regular Hansen Unplugged series, the sportscaster pointed out that NFL fans appeared to be more accepting of players who were rapists and killers than those who were gay.
‘You beat a woman and drag her down a flight of stairs, pulling her hair out by the roots? You’re the fourth guy taken in the NFL draft.
‘You kill people while driving drunk? That guy’s welcome. Players caught in hotel rooms with illegal drugs and prostitutes? We know they’re welcome.
‘Players accused of rape and pay the woman to go away? You lie to police, trying to cover up a murder? We’re comfortable with that,’ Hansen said.
He then added: ‘You love another man? Well, now you’ve gone too far.’
‘It wasn’t that long ago when we were being told that black players couldn’t play in “our” games because it would be “uncomfortable”,’ he added.
Hansen has been widely praised for pointing out the hypocrisy of those who had said Sam wouldn’t be welcome in a locker room ‘because it’s a man’s world’.
The video was widely shared on social media, where Hansen has been praised for his ‘jaw-dropping speech’.
Hansen was taken aback by the reaction to his piece, saying he has received more than 700 emails thanking him.
‘I honestly didn’t think it was going to be that big a deal,’ he told the Huffington Post. ‘I write only what I believe – and I simply believe what I wrote. Seems like common sense to me.’
You can also see his interview on ‘Ellen’ here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2xj5D7IEw0
5. THE DANGERS OF CERTAINTY: A LESSON FROM AUSCHWITZ
BY SIMON CRITCHLEY, THE STONE, FEBRUARY 2, 2014
As a kid in England, I watched a lot of television. There weren’t any books in our house, not even the Bible. TV was therefore pretty important, omnipresent actually. Of course, most of what it delivered was garbage. But in 1973, the BBC aired an extraordinary documentary series called “The Ascent of Man,” hosted by one Dr. Jacob Bronowski in 13 hour-long episodes. Each episode was what he called an “essay” and involved some exotic and elaborate locations, but the presentation was never flashy and consisted mostly of Dr. Bronowski speaking directly and deliberately to the camera.
A scientist who warned of ‘the assertion of dogma that closes the mind, and turns a nation, a civilization, into a regiment of ghosts — obedient ghosts or tortured ghosts.’
Dr. Bronowski (he was always referred to as “Dr.” and I can’t think of him with any other, more familiar, moniker) died 40 years ago this year, at the relatively young age of 66. He was a Polish-born British mathematician who wrote a number of highly-regarded books on science, but who was equally at home in the world of literature. He wrote his own poetry as well as a book on William Blake.
He was a slight, lively, lovely man. Because it was the early ’70s, some of his fashion choices were bewilderingly pastel, especially his socks, though on some occasions he sported a racy leather box jacket. He often smiled as he spoke, not out of conceit or because he lived in California (which, incidentally, he did, working at the Salk Institute in San Diego), but out of a sheer, greedy joy at explaining what he thought was important. But there was a genuine humility in his demeanor that made him utterly likeable.
“The Ascent of Man” (admittedly a little sexist now – great men abound, but there are apparently few great women), deliberately inverted the title of Darwin’s 1871 book. It was not an account of human biological evolution, but cultural evolution — from the origins of human life in the Rift Valley to the shifts from hunter/gatherer societies, to nomadism and then settlement and civilization, from agriculture and metallurgy to the rise and fall of empires: Assyria, Egypt, Rome.
Bronowski presented everything with great gusto, but with a depth that never sacrificed clarity and which was never condescending. The tone of the programs was rigorous yet permissive, playful yet precise, and always urgent, open and exploratory. I remember in particular the programs on the trial of Galileo, Darwin’s hesitancy about publishing his theory of evolution and the dizzying consequences of Einstein’s theory of relativity. Some of it was difficult for a 13-year-old to understand, but I remember being absolutely riveted.
The ascent of man was secured through scientific creativity. But unlike many of his more glossy and glib contemporary epigones, Dr. Bronowski was never reductive in his commitment to science. Scientific activity was always linked to artistic creation. For Bronowski, science and art were two neighboring mighty rivers that flowed from a common source: the human imagination. Newton and Shakespeare, Darwin and Coleridge, Einstein and Braque: all were interdependent facets of the human mind and constituted what was best and most noble about the human adventure.
For most of the series, Dr. Bronowski’s account of human development was a relentlessly optimistic one. Then, in the 11th episode, called “Knowledge or Certainty,” the mood changed to something more somber. Let me try and recount what has stuck in my memory for all these years.
He began the show with the words, “One aim of the physical sciences has been to give an actual picture of the material world. One achievement of physics in the 20th century has been to show that such an aim is unattainable.” For Dr. Bronowski, there was no absolute knowledge and anyone who claims it — whether a scientist, a politician or a religious believer — opens the door to tragedy. All scientific information is imperfect and we have to treat it with humility. Such, for him, was the human condition.
This is the condition for what we can know, but it is also, crucially, a moral lesson. It is the lesson of 20th-century painting from Cubism onwards, but also that of quantum physics. All we can do is to push deeper and deeper into better approximations of an ever-evasive reality. The goal of complete understanding seems to recede as we approach it.
There is no God’s eye view, Dr. Bronowski insisted, and the people who claim that there is and that they possess it are not just wrong, they are morally pernicious. Errors are inextricably bound up with pursuit of human knowledge, which requires not just mathematical calculation but insight, interpretation and a personal act of judgment for which we are responsible. The emphasis on the moral responsibility of knowledge was essential for all of Dr. Bronowski’s work. The acquisition of knowledge entails a responsibility for the integrity of what we are as ethical creatures.
All knowledge, all information that passes between human beings, can be exchanged only within what we might call ‘a play of tolerance.’
Dr. Bronowski’s 11th essay took him to the ancient university city of Göttingen in Germany, to explain the genesis of Werner Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle in the hugely creative milieu that surrounded the physicist Max Born in the 1920s. Dr. Bronowski insisted that the principle of uncertainty was a misnomer, because it gives the impression that in science (and outside of it) we are always uncertain. But this is wrong. Knowledge is precise, but that precision is confined within a certain toleration of uncertainty. Heisenberg’s insight is that the electron is a particle that yields only limited information; its speed and position are confined by the tolerance of Max Planck’s quantum, the basic element of matter.
Dr. Bronowski thought that the uncertainty principle should therefore be called the principle of tolerance. Pursuing knowledge means accepting uncertainty. Heisenberg’s principle has the consequence that no physical events can ultimately be described with absolute certainty or with “zero tolerance,” as it were. The more we know, the less certain we are.
In the everyday world, we do not just accept a lack of ultimate exactitude with a melancholic shrug, but we constantly employ such inexactitude in our relations with other people. Our relations with others also require a principle of tolerance. We encounter other people across a gray area of negotiation and approximation. Such is the business of listening and the back and forth of conversation and social interaction.
For Dr. Bronowski, the moral consequence of knowledge is that we must never judge others on the basis of some absolute, God-like conception of certainty. All knowledge, all information that passes between human beings, can be exchanged only within what we might call “a play of tolerance,” whether in science, literature, politics or religion. As he eloquently put it, “Human knowledge is personal and responsible, an unending adventure at the edge of uncertainty.”
The relationship between humans and nature and humans and other humans can take place only within a certain play of tolerance. Insisting on certainty, by contrast, leads ineluctably to arrogance and dogma based on ignorance.
At this point, in the final minutes of the show, the scene suddenly shifts to Auschwitz, where many members of Bronowski’s family were murdered. Then this happened. Please stay with it. This short video from the show lasts only four minutes or so.
It is, I am sure you agree, an extraordinary and moving moment. Bronowski dips his hand into the muddy water of a pond which contained the remains of his family members and the members of countless other families. All victims of the same hatred: the hatred of the other human being. By contrast, he says — just before the camera hauntingly cuts to slow motion — “We have to touch people.”
The play of tolerance opposes the principle of monstrous certainty that is endemic to fascism and, sadly, not just fascism but all the various faces of fundamentalism. When we think we have certainty, when we aspire to the knowledge of the gods, then Auschwitz can happen and can repeat itself. Arguably, it has repeated itself in the genocidal certainties of past decades.
The pursuit of scientific knowledge is as personal an act as lifting a paintbrush or writing a poem, and they are both profoundly human. If the human condition is defined by limitedness, then this is a glorious fact because it is a moral limitedness rooted in a faith in the power of the imagination, our sense of responsibility and our acceptance of our fallibility. We always have to acknowledge that we might be mistaken. When we forget that, then we forget ourselves and the worst can happen.
In 1945, nearly three decades before “The Ascent of Man,” Dr. Bronowski — who was a close friend of the Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard, the reluctant father of the atomic bomb — visited Nagasaki to help assess the damage there. It convinced him to discontinue his work for British military research with which he had been engaged extensively during the Second World War. From that time onward, he focused on the relations between science and human values. When someone said to Szilard in Bronowski’s company that the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was science’s tragedy, Szilard replied firmly that this was wrong: It was a human tragedy.
Such was Dr. Bronowski’s lesson for a 13-year-old boy some 40 years ago. Being slightly old-school, I treated myself last Christmas to a DVD deluxe boxed set of “The Ascent of Man.” I am currently watching it with my 10-year-old son. Admittedly, it is not really much competition for “Candy Crush” and his sundry other video games, but he is showing an interest. Or at least he is tolerating my enthusiasm. And of course beginning to learn such toleration is the whole point.
Simon Critchley is Hans Jonas professor of philosophy at the New School for Social Research in New York and the author of several books, including “The Faith of the Faithless,” and, with Jamieson Webster, “Stay, Illusion! The Hamlet Doctrine.” He is the moderator of this series.
5. THE NC ‘MORAL MARCH’ MAY BE THE START OF SOMETHING HUGE
BY IRA CHERNUS, ALTERNET, FEBRUARY 10, 2014
Nearly 100,000 people took to the streets in Raleigh, North Carolina on February 8 in a Moral March to say “No!” to the state’s sharp right-wing political turn and “Yes!” to a new, truly progressive America.
They weren’t just marching for one issue or another. They were marching for every issue progressives care about: economic justice; a living wage for every worker; support for organized labor; justice in banking and lending; high quality, well-funded, diverse public schools; affordable health care and health insurance for all, especially women; environmental justice and green jobs; affordable housing for every person; abolishing the death penalty and mandatory sentencing; expanded services for released prisoners; comprehensive immigration reform to provide immigrants with health care, education, and workers rights; insuring everyone the right to vote; enhancing LGBT rights; keeping America’s young men and women out of wars on foreign soil; and more.
All this in Raleigh, a metro area of barely more than a million people. It’s as if a million and half turned out in New York or DC, or a million in San Francisco. When was the last time we saw such huge crowds in the streets demanding a total transformation in our way of life? This could be the start of something big.
And it was all led by . . . God?
Many of the marchers would say so. Many others would doubt it. The organizers invited “secular and religious progressives alike,” people of every faith and no faith at all. “The march brought together a diverse group from Baptists to Muslims and gay marriage supporters,” as USAToday reported.
But no one doubts that it was all started by a man of faith, the Rev. William Barber.
“We will become the ‘trumpet of conscience’ that Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. called upon us to be, echoing the God of our mothers and fathers in the faith,” the Disciples of Christ minister told the huge crowd, exhorting them to “plant America on higher ground.” Then he prayed: “Lord, Lord plant our minds on higher ground. Plant our hearts on higher ground. Plant our souls on higher ground. Lord, lift us up, lift us up, lift us up and let us stand. Plant our feet on higher ground.”
The night before the march he led what a local TV station called “a spiritual pep rally” the Abundant Life Christian Center, designed (the organizers said) to prepare the marchers “by spiritually invoking … love, peace, and a source of power beyond what can be seen with our eyes or calculated with our minds.”
Those organizers, many of them clergy and religious leaders, are well aware that “some secular progressives object to the use of this kind of language because of its religious overtones. … Sure, Barber prays in public, uses church language and premises many of his beliefs and arguments on his understanding of the teachings of his faith — he’s a preacher for Pete’s sake! But his policy messages, his organization and his objectives are thoroughly secular and open to all, whatever their beliefs or lack thereof when it comes to religion.”
It’s not surprising that his politics would be thoroughly secular. He’s got a BA in political science and a PH.D. in public policy as well as pastoral care. He’s proving himself to be a shrewd, hard-headed organizer and political tactician. 100,000 progressives don’t just appear out of nowhere.
In fact, the Moral March was initiated by the “Historic Thousands on Jones Street (HKonJ) People’s Assembly Coalition,” started by Barber and other religious leaders back in 2007. It took plenty of hope and faith to believe that within just seven years a small group could swell to such a huge crowd.
Rev. Barber says he learned at seminary that hope is an essential part of Christian theology, tied directly to helping people. “When you stand for justice and help folks, you’re at the same time, giving them hope. That’s why because Jesus helped us at Calvary, the writer said my hope is built when the Lord helped us.”
But building this mass movement also took political smarts. And HKonJ has done a lot more politically, especially at the North Carolina state house. They played an important role in passage of a Racial Justice Act, obtaining Same Day Voting; winning workers the right to unionize; getting a former Democratic governor to veto Voter I.D. Laws, an unfair budget, and repeal of a Racial Justice Act.
In 2013, as a Republican governor and legislature moved their state ever further rightward, Barber and his allies stepped up the action. They began weekly sit-ins at the state capitol on “Moral Mondays,” which eventually saw just short of a thousand people arrested.
“Clergy were especially prominent” in those actions, the Washington Post reported. Local Catholic, Episcopal, Lutheran, Presbyterian, and United Methodist leaders issued a joint statement supporting the action: “It is a matter of faith with respect to our understanding of the biblical teachings and imperatives to protect the poor, respect the stranger, care for widows and children and love our neighbors (Isaiah 10:1‐2, Hebrews 13:2, James 1:27, Matthew 22:39, Galatians 5:14).”
They were moved not just by anger but by the hope of repentance, Rev. Barber says. “That’s part of what it means to be a person of faith: You believe that people can be moved in deep places and change. So you put a cross before them, you put yourself, your body. You’re willing to sacrifice in hopes that somebody will say, ‘Wait a minute,’ and change their ways. The non-violent and the people of deep faith always transform history. And we’ll do it again.”
This politically savvy preacher has very concrete plans to make sure we do it again. He sees the movement he leads as a model for resistance across the country: “We must reduce fear through public education, through the streets, through the courts and through the electoral campaigns.”
“If you are going to change America you have to think states,” he says. “We believe North Carolina is the crucible. If you’re going to change the country, you’ve got to change the South. If you’re going to change the South, you’ve got to focus on these state capitols.” Spin-offs of the Moral Monday movement are already starting up in Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida and Alabama.
And you’ve got to change state politics at the county level, Barber advises. So he and his group are launching “North Carolina Moral Freedom Summer,” a statewide registration and mobilization effort for voters in all 100 counties of North Carolina.
But that’s just part of a larger program that also includes voter education, a social media strategy, and a legal strategy. “Many of these things, not just the voting rules, are going to be challenged in the courts using our state and federal constitutions,” Barber promises. That’s a lot of smart strategic thinking.
As far as he is concerned, though, there’s no way to separate smart politics from devout faith. He takes his inspiration equally from the Constitution, where he finds deep values to promote “the common good,” and from the Bible, which he sees teaching that love and justice should be at the center of public policy. “Isaiah 10 says, ‘Woe unto those who make unjust laws that rob the right of the poor.’ And we said, wait a minute, when you look at these policies, it’s not only bad policy, but it’s immoral and extreme.”
“Clergy persons are choosing to move in a prophetic tradition to challenge injustice and wrongs in government and systemic transgressions against our values,” Barber explains. “It’s our Jewish friends, Christian, Universalist, Muslim friends and others who are willing to put their voices and bodies on the line. That is significant when pulpits get on fire for justice.”
And wherever he goes, his “thundery oratory” will be filled “with biblical references to Pharaoh, Goliath, good and evil,” as ReligionNews reports.
“Good and evil.” That’s the key to the power of this new movement. It has gone beyond single-issue politics by find the common thread tying all progressive issue together, the thread spotlighted in the name of their action: The “Moral” March.
In North Carolina they understand what George Lakoff has been telling us for years. The left is losing the political argument by sticking to specific issues and factual evidence. Conservatives are winning because they “speak from an authentic moral position, and appeal to voters’ values.” So progressives “have to go up a level, to the moral level” and start dealing publicly “very seriously and very quickly with the unity of their own philosophy and with morality and the family.” Otherwise “they will not merely continue to lose elections but will as well bear responsibility for the success of conservatives in turning back the clock of progress in America.”
In North Carolina they are talking very seriously about morality, saying out loud that the same moral foundations undergird all progressive policies.
And they’ve discovered the power of that little word “moral” to unite religious progressives with secular progressives, who elsewhere are so often scared off by any talk of God and Jesus and the Bible.
The HKonJ organizers understand this very well. As their website says, they intentionally highlight the word “moral,” even though some secular progressives object to the use of this kind of language because of its religious overtones. It sounds too much like Jerry Falwell’s Moral Majority. But of course by that logic, progressives couldn’t use words like “liberty” or “freedom” either. After all, both of those words have also been monopolized by the far right in recent years. Indeed, there’s a strong argument to be made that progressives have too often shied away from the use of such overarching language — thus ceding it without a fight to the right. Put simply, there is nothing inherently religious in the word “moral”; it is a powerful and important word that’s plenty big enough to be of great use and profound meaning to secular and religious progressives alike.
Those nearly 100,00 Moral Marchers in Raleigh pose crucial questions to progressives across America: Are we ready to move beyond our own issues to join a unified, strategically savvy progressive movement encompassing every issue? And are we willing to do what it takes for that movement to succeed: to drop our suspicion of religion, to lift up the word “moral” as a bridge across the religious-secular divide, to judge religious progressives by the content of their policies and not the color of their vocabulary?
If enough progressives answer “yes,” this could indeed be the start of something big.
7. THE OLDER MIND MAY JUST BE A FULLER MIND
BY BENEDICT CAREY, THE NEW OLD AGE, JANUARY 27, 2014
People of a certain age (and we know who we are) don’t spend much leisure time reviewing the research into cognitive performance and aging. The story is grim, for one thing: Memory’s speed and accuracy begin to slip around age 25 and keep on slipping.
The story is familiar, too, for anyone who is over 50 and, having finally learned to live fully in the moment, discovers it’s a senior moment. The finding that the brain slows with age is one of the strongest in all of psychology.
Over the years, some scientists have questioned this dotage curve. But these challenges have had an ornery-old-person slant: that the tests were biased toward the young, for example. Or that older people have learned not to care about clearly trivial things, like memory tests. Or that an older mind must organize information differently from one attached to some 22-year-old who records his every Ultimate Frisbee move on Instagram.
Now comes a new kind of challenge to the evidence of a cognitive decline, from a decidedly digital quarter: data mining, based on theories of information processing. In a paper published in Topics in Cognitive Science, a team of linguistic researchers from the University of Tübingen in Germany used advanced learning models to search enormous databases of words and phrases.
Since educated older people generally know more words than younger people, simply by virtue of having been around longer, the experiment simulates what an older brain has to do to retrieve a word. And when the researchers incorporated that difference into the models, the aging “deficits” largely disappeared.
“What shocked me, to be honest, is that for the first half of the time we were doing this project, I totally bought into the idea of age-related cognitive decline in healthy adults,” the lead author, Michael Ramscar, said by email. But the simulations, he added, “fit so well to human data that it slowly forced me to entertain this idea that I didn’t need to invoke decline at all.”
Can it be? Digital tools have confounded predigital generations; now here they are, coming to the rescue. Or is it that younger scientists are simply pretesting excuses they can use in the future to cover their own golden-years lapses?
In fact, the new study is not likely to overturn 100 years of research, cognitive scientists say. Neuroscientists have some reason to believe that neural processing speed, like many reflexes, slows over the years; anatomical studies suggest that the brain also undergoes subtle structural changes that could affect memory.
Still, the new report will very likely add to a growing skepticism about how steep age-related decline really is. It goes without saying that many people remain disarmingly razor-witted well into their 90s; yet doubts about the average extent of the decline are rooted not in individual differences but in study methodology. Many studies comparing older and younger people, for instance, did not take into account the effects of pre-symptomatic Alzheimer’s disease, said Laura Carstensen, a psychologist at Stanford University.
Dr. Carstensen and others have found, too, that with age people become biased in their memory toward words and associations that have a positive connotation — the “age-related positivity effect,” as it’s known. This bias very likely applies when older people perform so-called paired-associate tests, a common measure that involves memorizing random word pairs, like ostrich and house.
“Given that most cognitive research asks participants to engage with neutral (and in emotion studies, negative) stimuli, the traditional research paradigm may put older people at a disadvantage,” Dr. Carstensen said by email.
The new data-mining analysis also raises questions about many of the measures scientists use. Dr. Ramscar and his colleagues applied leading learning models to an estimated pool of words and phrases that an educated 70-year-old would have seen, and another pool suitable for an educated 20-year-old. Their model accounted for more than 75 percent of the difference in scores between older and younger adults on items in a paired-associate test, he said.
That is to say, the larger the library you have in your head, the longer it usually takes to find a particular word (or pair).
Scientists who study thinking and memory often make a broad distinction between “fluid” and “crystallized” intelligence. The former includes short-term memory, like holding a phone number in mind, analytical reasoning, and the ability to tune out distractions, like ambient conversation. The latter is accumulated knowledge, vocabulary and expertise.
“In essence, what Ramscar’s group is arguing is that an increase in crystallized intelligence can account for a decrease in fluid intelligence,” said Zach Hambrick, a psychologist at Michigan State University. In a variety of experiments, Dr. Hambrick and Timothy A. Salthouse of the University of Virginia have shown that crystallized knowledge (as measured by New York Times crosswords, for example) climbs sharply between ages 20 and 50 and then plateaus, even as the fluid kind (like analytical reasoning) is dropping steadily — by more than 50 percent between ages 20 and 70 in some studies. “To know for sure whether the one affects the other, ideally we’d need to see it in human studies over time,” Dr. Hambrick said.
Dr. Ramscar’s report was a simulation and included no tested subjects, though he said he does have several memory studies with normal subjects on the way.
For the time being, this new digital-era challenge to “cognitive decline” can serve as a ready-made explanation for blank moments, whether senior or otherwise.
It’s not that you’re slow. It’s that you know so much.
8. THIS MONTH’S LINKS:
HERE’S HELP IN THINKING ABOUT YOUR ‘BIG QUESTIONS’…
100 BOOKS TO READ IN A LIFETIME…
INCREDIBLE LIBRARY OF MUSIC VIDEOS…
INTERESTING WAYS TO THINK ABOUT USING COLOR…
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